Catholic Saints

Saint Euphemia

  • Short, concise biography of Saint Euphemia
  • History, Life, Biography, Facts and Information about Saint Euphemia
  • Fast, concise facts and information about Saint Euphemia
  • What is Saint Euphemia the patron of?
  • Date of Death
  • How Saint Euphemia is represented in Christian Art
  • Feast Day

The Patron Saint Euphemia

What is the definition and the meaning of the Patron Saints and why were these people chosen to become patrons of causes, professions and countries?

The term 'Patron' is used in Christian religions, including the Roman Catholic religion, to describe holy and virtuous men and women who are considered to be a defender of a specific group of people or of a country.

There is a patron for virtually every cause, country, profession or special interest. There are two categories of saints: martyrs and confessors. A martyr is one who is put to death for his Christian faith or convictions.

Fast, concise facts and information about Saint Euphemia
The following provides fast and concise facts and information:

  • The patron of Rovinj, Croatia
  • Memorial Day / Feast Day: September 16th
  • Date of Death: Saint Euphemia died in A.D. 307
  • Cause of Death: Thrown to wild animals

Who or what is Saint Euphemia the patron saint of?
Saint Euphemia is the patron of Rovinj, Croatia. Meanings, definition and origins - a patron is considered to be a defender of a specific group of people or of a nation. There is a patron for virtually every cause, profession or special interest. Prayers are considered more likely to be answered by asking a patron for intercession on their behalf.

The Story and History of Saint Euphemia
The story and history of Saint Euphemia. Euphemia was the daughter of a senator named Philophronos and his wife Theodosia and born in Chalcedon, a city of Bithynia in Asia Minor which was a Roman province under the rule of the Roman Emperor Diocletian (r.284-305). Emperor Diocletian mounted some of the fiercest persecutions of the early Church especially in the East of the Empire. The Roman proconsul of Asia, Priscus, ordered that all of the inhabitants of Chalcedon were to take part in rituals and sacrifices to Mars, the Roman God of War (also called Ares). Many Christians, including Euphemia, went into hiding to avoid the order. They were discovered, imprisoned and tortured. Euphemia was tortured on the wheel but still refused to renounce her faith. She was sentenced to death in the arena where she died of wounds inflicted by the wild animals who attacked her.

Death of Saint Euphemia

There are two categories of saints: martyrs and confessors. A Christian martyr is regarded as one who is put to death for his Christian faith or convictions. Confessors are people who died natural deaths. Date of Death: Saint Euphemia died in A.D. 307. Cause of Death: Thrown to wild animals. 

Why is Saint Euphemia the patron of Rovinj, Croatia?
Why is Saint Euphemia is the patron of Rovinj, Croatia? The sarcophagus with the body of St. Euphemia was transferred to Constantinople but Christians were forced to move it. The sarcophagus eventually ended up in Rovinj and its people proclaimed Euphemia as their Patron Saint.

How Saint Euphemia is represented in Christian Art
It is helpful to be able to recognise Saint Euphemia in paintings, stained glass windows, illuminated manuscripts, architecture and other forms of Christian art. The artistic representations reflect the life or death of saints, or an aspect of life with which the person is most closely associated. Saint Euphemia is represented in Christian Art with attired in a plain, dark brown mantle, such as was worn by the Greek philosophers in token of their renunciation of worldly pleasures; and with a lion by her side, because when she was cast to the lions, they merely licked her feet.

Feast Day of Saint Euphemia
The Feast Day of Saint Euphemia is September 16th. The origin of Feast Days: most saints have specially designated feast days and are associated with a specific day of the year and these are referred to as the saint's feast day. The feast days first arose from the very early Christian custom of the annual commemoration of martyrs on the dates of their deaths at the same time celebrating their birth into heaven.

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