Catholic Saints

Saint Giles

  • Short, concise biography of Saint Giles
  • History, Life, Biography, Facts and Information about Saint Giles
  • Fast, concise facts and information about Saint Giles
  • What is Saint Giles the patron of?
  • Date of Death
  • How Saint Giles is represented in Christian Art
  • Feast Day

The Patron Saint Giles

What is the definition and the meaning of the Patron Saints and why were these people chosen to become patrons of causes, professions and countries?

The term 'Patron' is used in Christian religions, including the Roman Catholic religion, to describe holy and virtuous men and women who are considered to be a defender of a specific group of people or of a country.

There is a patron for virtually every cause, country, profession or special interest. There are two categories of saints: martyrs and confessors. A martyr is one who is put to death for his Christian faith or convictions.

Fast, concise facts and information about Saint Giles
The following provides fast and concise facts and information:

  • The patron of Beggars, the Disabled, and lepers
  • Memorial Day / Feast Day: September 1st
  • Date of Death: Saint Giles died in A.D. 541
  • Cause of Death: Natural Causes

Who or what is Saint Giles the patron saint of?
Saint Giles is the patron of Beggars, the Disabled, and lepers. Meanings, definition and origins - a patron is considered to be a defender of a specific group of people or of a nation. There is a patron for virtually every cause, profession or special interest. Prayers are considered more likely to be answered by asking a patron for intercession on their behalf.

The Story and History of Saint Giles
The story and history of Saint Giles. Saint Giles was born as Aegidus to a wealthy Greek family during the 6th century. When his parents died he gave away all of his wealthy to the poor and the sick and attracted many followers who wished to emulate his piety. Saint Giles therefore made the decision to leave his homeland and travelled to Gaul (modern day France) in order to live a life in isolation as a hermit. The Celtic Christians in Gaul were amongst the first people in western Europe to adopt the life of hermits. Hermits lived in seclusion and/or isolation from society, often choosing caves as their place of abode. Saint Giles died of natural causes and the Benedictine abbey of Saint-Gilles was founded during the 7th century in his honour.

Death of Saint Giles
There are two categories of saints: martyrs and confessors. A Christian martyr is regarded as one who is put to death for his Christian faith or convictions. Confessors are people who died natural deaths. Date of Death: Saint Giles died in A.D. 541. Cause of Death: Natural Causes. 

Why is Saint Giles the patron of Beggars, the Disabled, and lepers?
Why is Saint Giles is the patron of Beggars, the Disabled, and lepers? Because Saint Giles was living in the wilderness near the Rhône. There the king discovered him one day while pursuing a wounded hind that had taken refuge in the cave of the recluse.

How Saint Giles is represented in Christian Art
It is helpful to be able to recognise Saint Giles in paintings, stained glass windows, illuminated manuscripts, architecture and other forms of Christian art. The artistic representations reflect the life or death of saints, or an aspect of life with which the person is most closely associated. Saint Giles is represented in Christian Art with a hind pierced by an arrow beside him.

Feast Day of Saint Giles
The Feast Day of Saint Giles is September 1st. The origin of Feast Days: most saints have specially designated feast days and are associated with a specific day of the year and these are referred to as the saint's feast day. The feast days first arose from the very early Christian custom of the annual commemoration of martyrs on the dates of their deaths at the same time celebrating their birth into heaven.

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